The Yugoslav state was created on 1st December 1918, with the proclamation of Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes. Yugoslavia existed from 1918 to 2006 under different forms of polity and internal governance. In foreign affairs, Yugoslavia acted as a single legal subject. Internally, the country went through four primary and distinctive periods:
I. Kingdom of Yugoslavia (Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes*) 1918 – 1945
(*Two Serb synonyms for Kingdom: "Kraljevstvo" and "Kraljevina" were used in the title of the new state between 1918 and 1920 and 1920 and 1929, respectively);
II. Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Democratic Federal Yugoslavia, Federal People’s Republic of Yugoslavia)
1945 – 1992
III. Federal Republic of Yugoslavia 1992 – 2003 and
IV. State Union of Serbia and Montenegro 2003 - 2006.
During its existence, the Kingdom of Yugoslavia (Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes 1918 – 1929) 1918 – 1945 had 46 governments. In the period including People’s Liberation War, Democratic Federal Yugoslavia, Federal People’s Republic of Yugoslavia and Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (1943 – 1992), 12 governments were in power. Federal Republic of Yugoslavia had five governments, while the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro had one government. Overall, in its entire life (1918 – 2006), Yugoslav state had 64 governments.
Nikola Pašić was elected President of the Council of Ministers of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes ten times. The shortest prime ministerial mandate was held by Nikola Uzunović (8th to 15th April 1926). The longest-serving prime minister (20 years) was Josip Broz Tito. He was President of the National Committee for the Liberation of Yugoslavia 1943 – 1945, President of the Council of Ministers of the Democratic Federal Yugoslavia 1945 – 1946, President of the People’s Government of the Federal People’s Republic of Yugoslavia 1946 – 1953, and President of the Federal Executive Council 1953 – 1953.
The compositions of all the Yugoslav governments from 1918 to 2006 along with some of their principal policies have been made available in the Exhibition.
PHOTOGRAPHS FROM THE OPENING IN BELGRADE